Square Science / Square Story

Cosmological Argument Resolved: Modal vs. Kalam

Image result for Modal vs. Kalam

source: Strange Notions

Modal  theory supports the fact universe has no beginning or end in time. Kalam, on the other hand,  claims universe has a fixed beginning in time. So which theory is right? I don’t know, but I know which one of them is wrong.

The beginning of time coincides with the beginning of Kalam universe. This means that Modal Universe began before Kalam universe or time. Pretty much both theories talk about same Universe, but they had named it differently, based on whether time existed or not.

Time also has beginning and an end. By the time we reach time’s end, it will gradually stop to nothingness, it’s not just going to freeze up. So take your time before it’s over.


  1. Hi, I do believe this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to return once
    again since i have saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the best way
    to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  2. massive traffic says:

    whats up squarestairs.com!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *